Angkor Wat, Cambodia’s number one destination

Never travel to Cambodia, Siem Reap to see the natural wonders, Angkor Wat World Heritage easy and convenient by now. From Hanoi and HCMC, tourists can fly to Phnom Penh or Siem Reap with Vietnam Airlines and aircraft of Cambodia Angkor Air. Travel by road, there are many more ways.

But still go either way, ancient temples of Angkor, this long got used collectively, the ancient city of Angkor Thom, Bayon Temple (Indra), and Angkor Ta Phrom temple (Angkor Wat) remains the number one destination. Along with provisions exempt entry visas and the development of bus tours, visitors VN become the number one source of international tourists visited Cambodia in 9 months of 2009, up nearly 43% over the same period in 2008 .

Prior to the tour, visitors must buy tickets $ 20 / day (equivalent to 357,000 VND) and take pictures to print up tickets. Angkor Thom is not a normal architecture, which is a complex, a complex of temples and palaces, housing developers who have extremely flourishing under the Khmer empire. And had at Angkor Thom is the largest city in the world with an area of ​​9km2 and 100000-150000 residents. It is built on the right bank of Siem Reap River, a tributary of Tongle Sap.

In the center of this ancient city is huge Bayon, built in XII century, early thirteenth century with the four-faced Buddha cluster clustered in 54 blocks on the high stone tower. On the stone wall running the bottom is covered countless reliefs depicting war and people’s daily life after the war. The 8m high wall, surrounded the city 3km long.

Due to living in harsh environment: waterlogged during the rainy season and the dry season barren, since the ancient design giant canals, with the 40km long come to irrigation and water retention in the wide trench Horizontal surrounding Angkor Thom and Angkor Wat. Ancient times, crocodiles are the main animals raised in this trench system to protect the temple, mansion. “Now the whole is snakehead”, guide Navi, a Vietnamese Cambodians speak accented voice counting.

According to a new paper published in the journal PNAS, Angkor Thom complex formerly much larger, about 3.000km2, equivalent to the area of ​​Los Angeles today, and is inhabited by about half a million people. Using radar aerial AIRSAR NASA, US, international scientists also discovered 74 new temples, more than 1,000 artificial lakes and canals. According to them, the expansion, clearing of land for construction of houses, palaces and temples are important causes leading to the collapse of this population in the late sixteenth century.

Perhaps the vast Angkor Thom ago like that should be able to explain why Angkor Wat so large. To the outside Naga bridge accessible to the main temple on high, usually the tourguide called “heaven”, visitors must walk exactly one kilometer under bright sunlight. Built in the twelfth century to the Hindu pantheon of gods (Hinduism), “temple city” later became a Buddhist temple. Angkor Wat is the pride of the people of Cambodia, it was included in the national flag of the country since 1863.